Having a balanced diet and correct selection of food is very crucial in recovering and maintaining a good health after a kidney transplant.
How to cope with the feeling of nausea and vomiting?
Immediately after the kidney transplant, nausea or feeling of sickness and vomiting are common. This is a side effect of the anti-rejection medicines prescribed for the surgery. Following strategies can help in overcoming the feeling of nausea:
- Do not skip meal as an empty stomach can worsen the feeling of nausea. You can eat small amounts multiple times a day.
- Try eating food such as salads, sandwiches, yoghurt which are cold and have no smell.
- Eat dry items like biscuits and bread toast.
What to eat immediately after a kidney transplant?
Within first 6 weeks after the new kidney is transplanted in the body, there are certain dietary restrictions as recommended by the doctor. The following are the important nutritional concerns:
- Extra protein is required to facilitate wound healing and prevent muscle loss associated with the immunosuppressive or the anti-rejection medicine. Doctor’s advice is important for right amount to be taken. Below is the list of food rich in protein:
- Fish and Meats (beef, pork, poultry, turkey, seafood)
- Dairy products
- Eggs and egg whites
- Nuts and dried beans
- Peanut butter
- Soy products
- The glucose level increases subsequent to the immunosuppressant drug, to keep the glucose level optimal, have food at regular interval and avoid food laden with carbohydrate such as wheat preparations. Instead eat food rich in fibres like fruits and vegetables.
- Immediately after the transplant, the mineral level in the body gets disturbed, as confirmed by the blood test; the body may require more of minerals like magnesium, phosphate and potassium.
- The food rich in magnesium include whole grains, green vegetables like spinach, cabbages, broccoli, asparagus, and other leafy vegetables, legumes, nuts and seeds.
- Phosphate is found high in protein rich foods such as meats, dairy products, nuts and seeds. Examples of good sources of phosphate are milk, cheese, yoghurt, soymilk, wholegrain bread and cereals.
- Good sources of potassium include dry fruits, dairy products, fruits and vegetables.
- The water and fluid requirement of the body also increases post kidney transplant .You need to drink more of fluid to filter the toxins and waste out of the body.
Long-term diet strategy
- Having a regular meal with a small amount of carbohydrate is a good idea. Never skip food.
- Take a balanced diet with each of these components: cereals, fruits and vegetables, dairy and meat.
- Increase the quantity of fibre in the meal;eat a lot of raw fruits and vegetables. This will also help in keeping the cholesterol level regulated.
- Reduce the quantity of salt in the food, low salt level helps in keeping the blood pressure and fluid balance regulated.
- Have food rich in protein, but keep it in an adequate amount.
- Having food rich in calcium is important to maintain the bone mineral density, after the kidney transplant. Products prepared out of milk are a good source.
- Limit the consumption of alcohol and consult with the doctor to set the safe limits.