The Most Common Cancer In Women in 2019 : Breast Cancer   

The most dreaded disease of this era is Cancer. It is one of the major causes of death all over the world. Cancer can simply be defined as the abnormal multiplication of the cells, that is popularly called as tumors. The early diagnosis aims to tackle the problem with effective intervention. Once the tumours turn malignant it becomes difficult to treat the conditions successfully. 

Breast cancer is the second leading cause of deaths among women after lung cancer affecting 2.1 million women each year according to the WHO sources. In the same, around 627,00 women died from breast cancer in 2018. There is still a need for awareness and efficient healthcare resources and setting to decline these numbers. 

 How does it start? 

 It could begin in different parts of the breast. It might commence in the ducts carrying milk to the nipples. Sometimes, it starts in the area producing breast milk. It may also occur in other tissues of the breast which are called sarcomas and lymphomas – but these are really not breast cancers. 

For early diagnosis, the following tests can be done:  

 Mammography – It is the process in which the tumours may be found through the X-rays screening. The American Cancer Society recommends women over the age of 45 years to go for such screening. It will help in early diagnosis and treatment if necessary. Sometimes, hidden cancer without any physical symptoms may be found through these procedures. These screenings are completed in privacy by the specially trained female technologist. 

Clinical Breast Exam – An in-office examination by a healthcare professional comes in the clinical breast exam. Here, the expert checks for the lump formation, the discharge of fluid from nipples, the difference of colours. The abnormalities may be found in the collarbone, in underarms or breast. A thorough exam is done to rule out any possible suspicion. If any lumps are found,which are benign conditions, further investigation takes place through diagnostic measures. 

Self Breast Exam – As some areas are devoid of healthcare settings and professionals, there is the necessity to teach the community for a self-breast exam. It will enable to detect changes in the breast areas. It can be practiced once a month to detect any physical or visual changes. 

 Risk Factors That Leads to Breast Cancer 

  • A family history of breast cancer passes the possible risks to theoffsprings. Genetics and its mutation play a significant role. Hence, for a person with a history, precautionary steps have to be taken to mitigate the impact of the disease even before it progresses. 
  • Women who have attained an early menstrual period before the age of 12 and menopause after 55yrs of age are likely to develop the risk for breast cancer.
  • It is necessary to follow a healthy diet. A person who drinks a large amount of alcohol, who lacks physical activity, who smokes or overweight is under the risk group for breast cancer.

Breast Cancer Treatment In India  

Individuals with cancers also require emotional support as the mindset totally changes when they face with a life-threatening disease. The Indian healthcare system is making progressive efforts in spreading awareness regarding breast cancer. The absence of the healthcare setting resources in the rural areas has influenced the government and the NGOs to spread the self-breast exam programs to the community. The global audience looks upon the medical treatment in India due to the cost and convenience. To understand the quality breast cancer treatments in India its best to approach a healthcare consultant. They will help to find the right treatment at the right time. 



Food & Mental Health

Ever felt there might be a connection between food and mental health? Why does the body crave for comfort foods when you feel down? Why are happy occasions associated with sweets? It clearly states that there is a possibility of certain foods affecting our moods.

 The science lies in the food and the body. The properties present in the food stimulate the neurons of the brain to react in peculiar ways. A healthy diet is a protector of wellbeing, that is, a good mental and physical state. Research has found that individuals following a diet which is rich in fruits and vegetables tend to be happier and show reduced signs of depression than those who consume a diet devoid of the same. It precisely gives us the insight that it is necessary to follow a mental health diet plan.

Following a healthy diet has its own advantages. The foods that are rich in Omega 3 and zinc boosts brain proteins. These proteins are essential in transmitting information between neurons. In turn, the moods you reflect through the behavior are the effect of the food which you consume. A diet rich in saturated fat and refined sugar would result in a negative impact on brain proteins. That may explain the stuffiness and fullness after having eaten large amounts of sweets or dairy products such as cheese.

There is an area of interest called Nutritional Psychiatry, which researches on the use of foods and supplements as an alternative medical treatment for mental disorders. It studies the need for essential nutrients in food which would have an effect on the mental health of the individuals. Various studies have led the researchers to conclude that the food we eat directly affects the structure and function of the brain, eventually exhibited through the moods.

According to the World Health Organisation, India is accounted to be the most depressed country followed by China and then the United States. There is a necessity to look towards the mental wellbeing activities which could promote better mental wellness. The generation of today have a tendency to opt for junk foods during their time of stress and low points. There is a myth that eating comfort foods like pizza, ice cream and chocolates may lower the depression levels. But, that may not be the case. Too much of anything can be harmful for the body. Therefore, be mindful of what you would be consuming.

The mental wholeness is as vital as the physical health for smooth sync of body and mind. The mental wellbeing programs in India are specialized for the psychological fitness of the mind is increasing. As society is understanding the criticality of addressing mental disorders, there is encouragement from the concerned families to take up counseling and stress – relieving therapies. Consulting with a nutritionist would be impactful in understanding the change of eating habits during various moods. These specialists would be able to suggest the essential foods in the time of distress.

 Healthy eating tips 

  • Stick to those veggies and fruits – this would promote the intake of nutrients such as vitamins, calcium, zinc and iron.
  • Avoid foods that are high in fat and sugar. Keep a tab on binge eating junk foods. These types of processed foods reduce brain functioning and often makes you feel tired.
  • A healthy brain functioning leads to good mental wellbeing. Eat foods such as nuts, fish and green vegetables, these act as a great fuel for the optimal functioning of the brain.
  • Breakfast is considered to be the most important meal of the day. So, indulge in as much as brain foods during the light of the early morn.

The effect of food on mental health is an area of study which requires further research. What we eat decides how we would feel. So, it is crucial that we give priority to what we eat and drink. A health diet can produce a healthy mind. To comprehend mental wellbeing to its fullest, it is important to interact with a psychologist or a psychotherapist.

A good diet is an attribute of sound mental wellbeing!

Nature-Based Products – Friend or Foe?

We see green adverts on the rise nowadays. By green adverts, we mean the adverts that pile up the benefits of at least 2 or 3 exotic natural ingredients. Some even claim that the entire product is natural or 100% organic. The demand for such products has risen significantly as well. There is a buzz around these nature-based products to be safe to use and offer plenty of benefits. Is this just another stint of consumerism? Or is this for real? Let’s dive in and see.

What are nature-based products? Nature-based products are those items of either daily use or health-related products that are sourced and manufactured with natural ingredients. These are said to have no or fewer side-effects as compared to synthetically manufactured products. It is important to note however, that, not all products may be 100% organic or natural. One has to ensure the validity of such claims.

Another point in consideration is the difference between natural and organic. The tag ‘natural’ may imply the use of natural ingredients, for which the sourcing may not be 100% organic. If labelled ‘organic’, it implies that right from the sourcing there has been no usage of chemicals or additives. 100% organic products are free from any chemicals or pesticides in the cultivation process itself. Using such products can help reduce the biomagnification already building up inside our systems. Biomagnification is the accumulating toxic and synthetic substances building-up inside our bodies. This is due to the various additives and preservatives that we consume.

Like the general organic daily-life products, health supplements and medicines too have evolved to become organic and nature-based. These are similar to the ayurvedic treatment in India where, tablets or massage oils used are completely natural. These days we can find cough syrups and antacid syrups made completely natural to block the potential side-effects of their allopathic counterparts. Indigenous Indian medical treatment has been based out of naturally found herbs and plants of great medicinal value. The benefits of such plant-based solutions are being adapted into healthcare solutions all over the world now.

Aromatherapy is another domain gaining popularity and support in all corners of the world. Aromatherapy is an alternative form of medicine where, herbal oils, essences and plant extractions are used to treat various conditions. The curing ability as such has not been proved with solid evidence, even though these are in wide use. Coming to the question of benefits of using the nature-based products. It might not be set in stone, but the use of natural ingredients definitely does not spark the idea of side-effects. This is the most significant reason why such products are in high demand.

Another school of thought is that, the nature-based products contain ingredients that suit the body naturally and hence cure effectively. One thing that has to be kept in mind is the authenticity of the products. Verifying the claims of the ‘natural’ factor is a must. If you have decided to go for the green products, cross-check at least twice, the validity and authenticity. Go through reviews. If it is medicines you want to explore into, consult with your physician. Self-medication, even using natural ingredients is a huge risk. Do not attempt it.

At the end of the day, psychology also plays a major role. If you believe in the goodness of nature-based products and see results, you may continue using them. However, if you are sceptical about usage of such products, you would not be comfortable, no matter the results. What matters is using the products in the right way for the right cause. Make informed choices and purchase decisions and you will be in the safe zone.

Financial Tips For Medical Tourists

Finance is an area of concern in all families. Especially when we go on a vacation or take up medical treatments; advanced planning is done to make sure everything happens within the budget. Health and Wellness Tourism commonly termed as the Medical Tourism is a trending aspect in the healthcare sector. The travel across borders to acquire the best medical treatment for your condition. Or else, the journey to acquire the benefits of alternative medicine. There is great demand for medical tourism in India. As the medical tourist cost in India is relatively lower than in other countries.

Your money in Medical Tourism goes into travel and treatment. Sparing which there would be other expenses such as accommodation, food and transport convenience. Planning ahead is the key to have a hassle-free journey. Let’s see step by step.

Find the total cost of your medical travel

  The medical journey is assisted with the help of medical tourism companies. They would be able to give in an estimate including stay, food, travel and treatment. Sometimes you would have to figure out the itinerary by yourself. In any case, one should know all the small payments. Understand the split up, see if it is possible to reduce the expense anywhere if possible. The following are some of the expense :

  • Passport cost and travelling visa
  • Pickup and drop from the airport
  • Food, drinks and tips
  • International Calls
  • Transport cost to hospital or client’s place
  • Airfare
  • Hotel Accommodation
  • Insurance

 Precautionary steps 

 When visiting a new country or territory take in the required vaccinations. Learn about the climatic conditions, food styles and culture. This keeps you prepared to face any kind of situations. For example, Indian food is known to be spicy. If you are a person who cannot tolerate spicy food, go for food which is moderately spicy. It is advised to have an extra stash of cash in case the expense might increase. Probably it would be required if you plan to bring souvenirs for your loved ones.

Financing your trip is a crucial point, here are some plans:


  • You can take up a credit card which can be used for your medical journey
  • Personal savings could be used
  • Take up a personal loan which you can pay back later. There are financial setups providing various schemes for medical treatments.
  • Converting the existing financial assets into cash

 Health insurance

 Coverage of health insurance keeps you tension-free. It takes care of hospital treatment and charges. Having insurance makes one feel less worried in case medical attention is required. Insure yours and your family’s health. Have a deep study to find out which is the best plan for insurance. Look out for a plan that is able to give global support. Health insurance that has international validity.

 The presence of healthcare consulting and consultants have eased the process of finance for a medical journey. An interested client or patient can contact with a healthcare consultant. These consultants can guide the patient to choose the best treatment within the desired budget. They would be helpful in letting you the total expense and split up of the same. All your concerns would be addressed by these professionals as they possess in-depth knowledge into the marketing trends of the health care sector.

  When the planning is done right, the execution happens smoothly. Let the medical journey render you the relaxation of mind and body. So be vigilant to take care of your finance in a well-fashioned manner.

Incidence of Tuberculosis – the fatal infection

Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease that has claimed the lives of many. It may be due to the lack of awareness or lack of access to prompt healthcare assistance. The 24th of March marks the World Tuberculosis Day. Let us tick-off the list of facts we do not know as we kick out the bacterial infection.

Cause and incidence 

As mentioned already, Tuberculosis is an infection caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. as opposed to common perception, it is an infection that attacks not only the lungs but also other organs like the kidneys, spine and the brain. Though the spread of infection is solely through breathing the infection through the nose. Cough or sneeze of a person facing tuberculosis are the culprits of infection. It is also worthy to note that, not everyone infected by the TB bacteria fall sick. Yes, the infection is of two types. One, where individuals do not fall sick due to the fight put up against the bacteria natural immunity mechanisms in the body. The other, the fatal infection is the cause behind enormous lives being lost.

Symptoms and effect

As with all the deadly diseases, the symptoms of TB are not clear-cut. The symptoms can vary and resemble the symptoms of other diseases. It is again complex, because TB infection that has affected the lungs manifest in a particular symptom. The TB infection that does not attack the lungs may have symptoms tha can be felt otherwise.

The symptoms for a lung infection of the bacteria are:

  • persistent coughs lasting longer than 3 weeks
  • chest pain
  • coughing up blood from deep inside the lungs

As specified already, not all individuals with TB infection fall sick. This is because only when the immune system cannot fight TB bacteria, TB disease is contracted. Only persons with this disease fall sick. Other individuals can have latent TB infection, where the bacteria do not multiply, the individuals do not face the risk of falling prey to the disease.

As for the effect of the infection, if not treated early, it can cost even the life of the individual. As of 2017, a total of 1.6 million persons died worldwide due to TB. But there is no need to panic completely. It is preventable and curable. Getting tested for the infection is a sure-shot way of keeping us away from the disease.


The measures that can be taken for preventing the spread of infection are not complicated. These are steps of awareness and basic courtesy. The major issue in the fight against TB infection is that affected individuals are not aware of the infection itself. So, the first step is to get checked for the infection and making sure your loved ones are also cleared off the affected list.

The next step is one of basic courtesy. Sneezing or laughing in the open is a very bad idea. Covering while we cough and ensuring others follow the same is primary. But this does not mean we isolate those with TB or separate ourselves from everybody that coughs.

Ultimately, Prevention is better than cure. But an early cure is much better than a late diagnosis.

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Women Health – Staying fit in the rat race of a world


With international women’s day just a stone’s throw away, the womenfolk in the world will be gearing to embrace the spirit of womanhood. Movements, actions and reactions will be based on either equality celebrating or rather appreciation of various roles played by women. There are some who take this occasion as a starting point towards self-development. Whatever the significance, international women’s day is indeed a good opportunity for devoting efforts towards better health and wellbeing.

Health in general, across the globe, has been dwindling in recent years. The onset of new and various disorders and diseases is on the rise. The drastic effect is said to be the consequence of the change in lifestyle and habits. We are believed to be drifting away from our natural way of living. Fast-paced lives with little time or will for ourselves have taken the forefront. Health has taken a backseat, naturally. Women are no exception. Starting from eating habits to sleep-times, Time for self to exercise – all have been compromised in the name of doing what one likes. Women’s healthcare issues have been increasing rapidly, with lifestyle diseases like Poly Cystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) being diagnosed in almost all women without age being a bar.

As the official theme for women’s day this year – ‘Balance for Better’, let balance truly prevail in all aspects of wellbeing in women. To bring about this balance that we are talking about, a holistic approach is needed. Health and wellbeing start from within. Let us conquer this gargantuan task by the ‘divide and conquer’ policy. Health can be categorized into physical and mental health. It is an open secret that mental health issues plague all generations – young or old. Let us look at each of the components under the magnifying glass.

Physical fitness and wellbeing for women

The fact that this article is being written itself is a testament to the deteriorating women health. Yes, what was once naturally occurring has now become a rarity. Women healthcare issues are escalating day by day. Women health care centers report increasing lifestyle diseases such as imbalanced thyroid hormones, Poly Cystic Ovarian Syndrome, early diabetes, obesity, anxiety disorders, and many others.
Physical wellbeing is the key to a sound mind. Compulsory exercise routine in the mornings/evenings with a combination of different types is recommended. Including activities liked by you can motivate to maintain a routine.

Psychological wellbeing in women

Stress and anxiety are prevalent in all women in all phases of life. Undue stress and negative emotions lead to burn-outs very soon, demolishing the chances of holistic welfare of women. It is important, one may even say urgent, to find what works for each one to maintain composure and stability. Activities of leisure, recreational retreats, occasional trips and most importantly time to spend for self, all make a very big impact on mental wellbeing.

Balance is the need of the hour. There is no exception to this ongoing phenomenon of poor wellbeing. All individuals in all countries face the same issues. Women health in India is also one of the never-ending subjects. With various economic status and living environments, women in India are victims of substandard health condition. There is a huge scope for improvement in this sector.

A lot of not-for-profit organizations have taken initiatives to set this right. A lot of policies are in place. Nevertheless, whether in India or any other country good health is the responsibility of every woman and it is her right. To exercise the right of wellbeing and not only welfare is another issue that has to be spread at the grassroots level. Let us all hope, that this International Women’s day, each and every woman has self-awareness and works towards her wellbeing consciously.

Cancer worldwide – Incidence, impact and risk agents

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World Cancer Day falls on 4th of February every year. The set of terrible diseases affecting various parts of the body are taking a great toll on many lives and livelihood. To fight against cancer, we have to know about its perils. The ‘I am and I will’ campaign has been started to spread more awareness and alertness about cancer, its detection, prevention and treatment it is not enough if one simply knows about such aspects. There are many who do not know of cancer, its onset or symptoms and may not have access to treatment or even doctors to diagnose. Let us all make use of the campaign mottos, running for 3 years (2019-2021) and spread the word.

As of 2018, there were 17 million new cases of cancer reported worldwide. This incidence rate reveals that there 204.7 new cancer cases for every 100,000 men in the world and 175.6 for every 100,000 females. The most common cancer types are – lung cancer, breast cancer, colorectal, prostate and stomach cancers. These are the 5 most occurring cancer types. Incidences of other types are also widespread these days. This significant public health challenge is difficult to treat and impossible to cure as of now. As per World Health Organisation (WHO), 17 people in the world die every minute from cancer. This is a big number to tackle. Nevertheless, we have to face it.

Controlling this mammoth of public health challenge is difficult but not completely impossible. As the valuable adage ‘Prevention is better than Cure’, the best way of tackling with cancer is prevention. WHO says that between 30-50% of cancer is preventable. All the more reason for all of us to spread the word while we keep ourselves in the check. Cancer is the mutation of our cells in a harmful way. This mutation, apart from genetics, is said to be arising out of drastic changes in our lifestyle in an unreasonable way. It is therefore, pertinent we are aware of our lifestyle and living environments. Some of the factors which have to be kept in check are as follows:

Tobacco consumption – one of the biggest causing agents of lung cancer. This avoidable risk factor kills approximately 6 million people every year. Tobacco use is said to be more prevalent in the low- and middle-income countries.

Obesity and inactivity – Obesity and even, being overweight is linked with oesophagus, colorectal, breast and kidney cancers. Eating is not forbidden. It is the inactive and dormant lifestyle which causes problems. It is equally important to watch what we eat. Toxins in processed food, artificial colours and preservatives in excess lead to irreversible damage to our system.
• Alcohol consumption – Alcohol is harsh in nature, capable of eroding our body tissues upon excessive constant use. Excessive alcohol consumption increases the risk of cancer substantially.
Occupational hazards – certain professions lead to exposure of harmful chemicals and particles, putting the individuals in direct risk of cancer. Those working in asbestos-dependent industries and others exposed to impermissible levels of pollution are threatened with the high risk of lung cancer.

The factors mentioned above are some of the risk agents of cancer. Cancer can also be transmitted through heredity. It is, therefore, important for persons with history of cancer in their family to get themselves checked regularly. Individuals not exposed to these risk factors should not be carefree either. Routine checks can always help in early detection. Cancer if detected early can at least be treated to some extent, allowing to prevent further spread of cancerous cells in the body. As mentioned earlier, it is our responsibility to help individuals be aware and get help to fight against cancer. Afterall, it is the entire humanity that is suffering.

Rice Varieties of India – Taste in Health


1,10,000. 40,000. Some say 6,000. There seems to be no end to the number of rice varieties in India. Yes, we are talking about the number of rice varieties in India. From the ancient times, rice has been celebrated by the Indian community. It is also one of the major staple foods of India. From the white polished to unpolished and black rice all have their own benefits. Rice is cultivated throughout India, in all the states. It is spectacular to note that, all states have at least around 100 varieties of rice. A lot of these varieties are purely medicinal in nature and must not be consumed on a daily basis.  

The most commonly consumed rice varieties are polished white rice, parboiled rice, Basmati rice, red rice and brown rice. Out of these, the white polished rice is the most consumed, but it is not the healthiest. It is medium in length and thin, it is also easy to cook. All that is white is bad for health. This also includes the rice which is bran-free and processed heavily. The coloured types of Indian rice are the healthier ones. These are low in carbohydrates and rich in fibre as opposed to the white rice. The red and black rice varieties are quite thick and difficult to cook. They take very long to come to digestible consistency.  

The white polished, semi-polished and parboiled rice varieties are consumed in the Central and south regions of India. Basmati rice, famed for its length, taste and long appearance, is consumed in the North of India. The Basmati is the major constituent of well-savoured dish Biryani. It is also known for its different flavours and aroma. Basmati rice is cultivated widely for its properties. The healthier and less tasty varieties of red, brown and black rice are cultivated occasionally. The ‘organic’ trend has brought some of these rice varieties back to regular consumption. Another rice variety that is extremely rare and expensive is the bamboo rice. It is purely consumed for medical purposes and is consumed rarely.  

The health benefits of these rice varieties are plenty. White rice though consumed commonly, is not thought of as beneficial due to the industrial processing and polishing. Cooked white rice that is stored overnight contains a lot of health benefits. Parboiled rice gives immense strength. It is the coloured varieties that must include in the diet for health improvement. The brown and red rice varieties are mostly not processed. It is better to consume unprocessed rice.  

Brown rice include the benefits of having lots of fibre and essential carbohydrates that slow down the release of sugars, useful for individuals suffering from diabetes. It is also a rich source of magnesium and calcium needed for bone health. Brown rice is also consumed for its abilities to prevent blockage in arteries, improving cardiovascular health. Red rice is preferred for better weight management. As opposed to white rice, red rice does not add on to our weight. It has lot more fibre content required for better digestion. The manganese in red rice is a bonus to the strengthening of our body metabolism, contributing to better weight management. Of course, it is to be remembered that these diet preferences are to be combined with exercises to take full effect. Black rice in India is not very prominent. It is cultivated in the North-eastern regions of India. It is very high in anti-oxidants. It is also a good source of iron and Vitamin E. It is and was known as forbidden rice, not because of its rare nature. It was exclusively served to the Chinese emperor and was forbidden to anybody else. Hence the name. But it must be consumed at least occasionally for its benefits. If you are a tourist or for medical treatment in India, make sure to try the different delicacies made with different varieties of rice.   


HIV-AIDS – Awareness Feature into the World’s Most Dangerous Pandemic


In 2017, 36.9 million people in the world were living with HIV/AIDS, as per UNADIS report. 1.8 million people became newly infected with HIV. The most affected country being South Africa, has over 10% of the affected persons living there. HIV and AIDS in India is not a different scenario either. In 2016, there were around 2.1 million people living with AIDS. World AIDS Day falls on December 1st and was established by the United Nations. It was established to create awareness about this pandemic that has been plaguing the entire world not only deteriorating physical health but also creating a platform for social stigma and bias. Let us know the facts clearly and keep ourselves aware.

The pandemic is known simply as AIDS or HIV-AIDS. The differentiation is very basic. AIDS is Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome which is the set of symptoms developed over time due to decreased immunity. An individual has AIDS when the HIV infection is in stage 3. Third stage of the infection is where the virus almost or destroys the immune system of the body. HIV stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus, which is the agent that causes AIDS. The first incidence of AIDS was in South Africa. It has since spread throughout the world. Even though AIDS is the only pandemic on Earth, there are many myths around it. These untrue rumours promote basis for social injustice across the planet.

Myths regarding HIV-AIDS

  1. AIDS cannot be spread through physical contact with individual who is affected by HIV. Shaking or holding hands will not transmit the virus.

  2. It is not an airborne disease. Sneezes or coughs will not transmit HIV from one person to another.

  3. Neither is AIDS water borne. Swimming pools or public baths and toilets can be used without fear.

  4. HIV cannot be cured. There is not cure as of now. But antiretroviral therapy can keep individuals affected by HIV stay healthy.

  5. It is not easy to see symptoms of HIV. Clear-cut symptoms may not exist, even if they do, they differ from person to person.

All the above-mentioned points are myths regarding HIV infection. It is important to know how HIV infection is spread. These points must be kept in mind to undertake necessary precautions. HIV cannot survive outside of a human body. It lives only in bodily fluids of humans. Infection is transmitted through these body fluids, making it possible for infection through unprotected intercourse, mother to child during pregnancy, infected injecting equipment or contaminated blood transfusions or transplants.

The sources mentioned above are the only ways in which HIV can spread. It becomes essential to protect oneself from being exposed to these situations. Always ensure,

  • Protected intercourse that eliminates the risk of transmitting HIV infection.

  • Using new needles, syringes or other injecting equipment.

  • Safe blood products by asking your health care professional if the blood product has been screened for HIV.

  • Safety from bio-wastes and bodily fluids if you are a health care worker. Use protection implements like goggles or gloves, wash hands after contact with blood and safely dispose off sharp equipment.

  • Taking HIV drugs if you are new or expectant mother living with HIV to reduce the chances of passing off infection to the baby.

People infected with HIV infection can live healthy lives without worry of infecting others. Burst the social stigma and discrimination surrounding HIV-AIDS. Spread the awareness to prevent further new cases of HIV infection. Keep yourself safe. Keep others around you safe.

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Lung Cancer – Where Breathing Kills

Lung cancer is the most commonly occurring type of cancer worldwide. 14% of new cancer cases is attributed to lung cancer. India is no exception. Given the carcinogens we inhale, lung cancer has become one of the major threats all of us are exposed to. This cell-mutating disease has life-taking outcomes. It is worthy to note that lung cancer is prevalent among non-smokers as well as smokers and across ages. Smoking may be one of the most common reasons why lung cancer is caused. But other agents like exposure to toxins and genetic disposition.

Looking into the causes in detail, we identify the following with causing cancer:

  • Smoking – 90% of lung cancer cases is caused due to smoking excessively. Tobacco and other hazardous chemicals jointly contribute to this social evil.

  • Hazardous chemicals – Exposure to chemicals such as asbestos, uranium, and petroleum products lead to inhalation of substances that stay affect the lung tissues irreparably.

  • Particle pollution – Minute particles present in the exhaust smoke of vehicles are highly poisonous

  • Passive smoking – Non-smokers who reside with a smoker have a 24% increase in risk for developing lung cancer when compared with other non-smokers.

  • Heredity – individuals with cancer in their family history have to be precautions. Regular check-ups can help in early detection.

Cancer and other such ‘royal’ diseases, often called so for their grand requirements during treatment, often do not show signs in the early stages. Apart from the huge chunk of finances, dedicated care and support is required. Unfortunately, lung cancer is no anomaly. But it is possible to detect lung cancer at stages where some treatment will avail results.

Watch out for the ensuing lung cancer symptoms:

  • Persistent cough, dry or not, that won’t quit

  • Difficulty in breathing or getting short of breath after performing activities you once found easy

  • Coughing up blood

  • Pain in the chest area

  • Hoarse, raspy voice

  • Wheezing

  • Unexplained weight loss drastically

Though not everybody exhibiting these symptoms may have lung cancer, it is better to get screened earlier. Individuals with high smoking tendencies must get themselves screened as soon as possible. Quitting smoking or taking alternative measures may prolong the onset of cancer if not prevent it.

Treatment plans may include chemotherapy, radiation therapy, surgeries to remove the cancer-affected tissue. Sometimes lung cancer treatment in India can include Ayurvedic medicines or methods, in addition to formerly mentioned method. Therapy might involve a number of sessions depending on the stage of cancer. India has a number of institutions for cancer treatment and research. These centres are located pan-India and offer a wide scope of options for treatment. Medical tourism has opened up doors for better treatment and care, making medical assistance available to individuals across the world.