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Reasons Why Liver is the Vital Organ in the Body


Liver is an important part of the digestive system and is the biggest organ in the body. It is located below the lungs and above the stomach. Liver is classified as a gland as it secretes bile. This important organ executes more than five hundred essential tasks in the body and has regeneration capabilities. 

A healthy liver plays a major role in keeping the body’s chemistry steady. It performs many metabolic functions including- 

  • Production of bile which is stored in the gallbladder. Bile helps in carrying waste and in breaking down fats in the small intestine during the process of digestion.  
  • Storage of glucose in the form of glycogen which is re-converted back whenever needed. 
  • Involvement in the metabolism of protein and carbohydrates. 
  • Storage of vitamins (A, D, K, B12) and minerals (iron, copper and folate). 
  • Generates proteins called blood clotting factors. 
  • Responsible for production of cholesterol and special proteins (like albumin) for carrying fats in the body. 
  • Protects the body from infections by producing immune factors. 
  • Primary organ responsible for detoxification in the body. 

Signs of Liver Damage 

  • Nutritional deficiencies 
  • Rise in skin problems like acne and psoriasis 
  • Increased exhaustion, concentration difficulties and lower energy levels 
  • Sensation of itchiness and inflammation 
  • Development of new allergies and sensitivities or worsening of related symptoms 
  • Irregularities in digestion and bowel habits 
  • Indigestion problems 
  • Hormonal imbalances 
  • Abnormal weight gain and sluggishness/sloppiness 
  • Extreme yellowing of skin/eyes  

Liver Diseases and related Medical Treatment 

  • Fatty Liver Disease(FLD) or Hepatic Steatosis has fat accumulation in the liver. FLD is categorized as alcohol and non-alcohol related. Fatty Liver treatment involves limiting or avoiding drinking of alcoholic beverages, cholesterol management, decreasing sugar and saturated fat consumption, weight loss and controlling blood sugar. Medications for non-alcoholic FLD include tamoxifen, methotrexate and amiodarone injection or oral tablets. 
  • Hepatitis where there is inflammation of the liver. It is of three types- 
  • Hepatitis A which usually resolves on its own. Taking adequate rest and ample fluid intake is beneficial. 
  • Hepatitis B which normally clears up on its own. However chronic cases need medication and sometimes a liver transplant. 
  • Hepatitis C which is treated with anti-viral medicines. 
  • Cirrhosis which is a result of very poor liver function and is usually last stage of chronic liver disease. Treatment involves making healthy lifestyle changes, medications like diuretics for reducing body fluid build-up, antibiotics for infections, endoscopic treatments and surgical shunt placement to restore blood supply in liver. Acute cases need a liver transplant. 
  • Hepatocellular Carcinoma which is liver cancer that occurs due to heavy alcohol consumption, chronic hepatitis or cirrhosis. Aggressive surgery or liver transplant is done for treating small or slowly growing cancerous tumors if diagnosed early. 
  • Liver transplantation in India is gaining popularity in medical tourism industry due to its affordable treatment options with its cutting- edge medical technology, advanced research, extraordinary patient care and world-class infrastructure.

Best Foods for Liver 

For maintaining a healthy liver, eating regular, balanced meals with grains, proteins, dairy, fruit, vegetables and fats is essential. Best foods include 

  • High-fiber foods like fresh fruit and vegetables, whole-grain breads, rice and cereals. 
  • Healthy proteins like dairy products with nil or low fats, lean meats and plant-based sources like beans, legumes, and lentils. 
  • Healthy fats as found in nuts and seeds, avocados, flaxseed, olive oil and fish oils (or fatty fish).  
  • Plenty of fluids consumption. 
  • Certain herbs and fungi like Dandelion root, Licorice root, Milk thistle seed, Poria mushroom, Reishi mushroom, Schisandra berry,Turkey tail mushroom also help in maintaining liver health. 


  • Processed foods which contain trans-fats 
  • Consumption of high amounts of salty and sugary foods. 

Thus, balanced diet, regular exercise and weight management are the key success factors for maintaining healthy liver.   



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Liver Transplant – Everything You Need to Know


Liver is one of the most vital organs in the body that is part of the digestive system. The organ that is located at the right side of the abdomen, right below the diaphragm is key in ensuring a seamless digestive functions.

It is responsible to produce the essential amino acids, synthesizing bile, detoxification of blood, helping the digestive system in avoiding the shortage of important nutrients. Complex in structure, the organ ensure many key functions are carried out in the digestive system.

Liver is prone to get various diseases and infections based on the lifestyle and habits. Few liver diseases could be treated with the help of medication or surgery but there are various diseases that need liver transplant when the medications and treatment are failed to heal.

In most cases, liver failure is what leads to liver transplantation. It is the case in which the liver gets damaged beyond the scope of any repair or cure. The liver in this condition stops function causing fatal consequences. Except the acute liver failure, all other liver failure conditions occur over a period of time.

Reasons for Liver Transplantation

  • Hepatitis – Hepatitis viral infections such as A, B and C can damage the liver if not treated at the right time and lead to liver infection.
  • Liver Cirrhosis – A condition in which severe scarring of the liver occurs due to toxins.
  • Alcoholism – Excessive consumption of alcohol on a regular basis for a long time.
  • Iron Overload – This is a condition known as Hemochromatosis is a genetic disorder that damages the liver upon iron consumption.

Symptoms of Liver Failure

  • Increased levels of triglycerides and LDL, fat lumps under the skin, fat deposit in organs and fatty liver.
  • Indigestion problems, gall bladder diseases, bloating in the abdomen, vomiting and nausea sensation.
  • Yellow eyes, discolored toungue, bad breathe, skin rashes and brown blemishes on the skin.
  • Unstable blood sugar levels, headaches, increased body heat, depression and fatigue are the other symptoms.
  • Scars in the liver due to the fat deposition in the liver cells causing inflammation.

Liver Transplant

Liver transplant is a procedure conducted to replace the damaged part of the liver or the complete liver. The liver it derived from the donor and the damaged liver is replaced with it. Liver transplant is a major surgery that requires meticulous care even from the pre-operation stage to post-operation. The decision of liver transplantation is called as the last option of treatment when the other treatment methods are proven to be failed.

The liver transplantation in India has improved in terms of medical expertise and technological advancements.

How to Choose the Transplant Center?

  • Learn about the total number of transplants the hospital conducts as it could be taken as indication of the success rate of the hospital.
  • Do some background check to understand the qualification and experience of the liver transplant specialist.
  • Make sure the hospital employs the advanced equipment as they play a key role in improving the quality of the outcome.
  • Consider the facilities and services provided by the transplant center post the transplantation.
  • If you have an insurance plan, learn about the compatibility of it with the hospital insurance policies.

There are various medical tourism companies in India that provide complete services that are involved in a medical tourism. If you are a foreign or resident individual in look out for the best liver transplant center in India, reach out to these companies as they have the database of all transplant centers and could help you in finding the suitable transplant center.

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Health Disaster Behind Tobacco Use


One of the biggest public health threats faced by the global population is from the Tobacco Epidemic. Approximately 7 million people succumb to it every year and this number is expected to reach at least 8 million by 2030.Out of these, more than 6 million deaths are due to direct tobacco consumption. Tobacco users who face untimely deaths deprive their families of income, raise healthcare costs and hinder economic development.

Smoking is act or addiction of inhaling and exhaling the tobacco smoke or other similar harmful addictive drugs. It is one of the leading causes of preventable death worldwide and is unhealthy to the human body both in active and passive forms.

Effects of Smoking

Smoking harms almost all organs of the body. This happens because combustion of tobacco produces carbon monoxide which impairs the blood’s oxygen carrying ability. Therefore inhaling smoke into the lungs, irrespective of the substance, has adverse effects on one’s health. Smoking

  • Thickens and damages blood vessels thereby increasing blood pressure .This in turn causes Stroke and Coronary Heart Disease.
  • Damages airways and air-sacs (alveoli) in the lung causing diseases like Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) including bronchitis, lung cancer and triggers asthma attacks.
  • Causes cancer in almost all body parts including bladder, rectum, blood, cervix, colon, kidney, liver, trachea, bronchus and lungs.
  • Affects fertility rates.
  • Causes pregnancy related problems including pre-term births, ectopic pregnancy and still-birth of babies.
  • Weakens bones, teeth and gums and increases risk of diabetes, cataracts and rheumatoid arthritis.

Lung Cancer Treatment in India 

Lung Cancer is one of the most dangerous outcomes of Smoking. Smoking causes about 90% of total lung cancer deaths! This cancer damages the lungs eventually reducing its capacity to deliver oxygen to different body parts.

Fortunately India is equipped with state-of-the-art facilities and advanced technologies, experienced oncologists and offers comprehensive post-operative care for treating this complex disease. Thus India is highly ranked on quality and expertise in comparison with its counterparts.

Treatment of Lung Cancer depends on its type, extent of spread and patient condition. Effective treatment procedures include

  • Surgery for removing out the cancer tissue.
  • Wedge Resection/Segmental Resection for removing a small portion of diseased lung.
  • Chemotherapy wherein medications are given for reducing or killing cancerous cells.
  • Radiation Therapy which uses high energy rays to kill cancerous cells.
  • Molecularly Targeted Therapy which is a procedure where specific targeting of cancerous cells is done by dispensing drugs to inhibit growth and affected areas.
  • Pneumonectomy which is a rare option used for removing the entire lung if cancer has spread all over the lobes.
  • Sleeve Resection which involves removal and reconnection of airway sections near the lung tumour after its removal.
  • Lymph Node Dissection where lymph nodes adjacent to lung are removed and tested to assess extent of spread of cancer.
  • Of late, Cancer Healer Therapy is being used to effectively treat advanced lung cancer with no harmful side effects. This therapy is targeted at combating cancer and restores its ability to eliminate cancerous cells in future.

Ways to Quit Smoking

  • Cold Turkey which essentially means trying to quit smoking without external aids, therapy or medicines.
  • Behavioural Therapy in consultation with a counsellor for understanding triggers for smoking and making plans for evading it.
  • Nicotine Replacement Therapy which substitutes tobacco with nicotine supply through gums, patches, inhalers, sprays and lozenges.
  • Prescription Medications that help manage cravings and withdrawal symptoms.
  • Combo Treatment (mixing few of above methods) for increased probability of permanently quitting smoking.

Smoking increases risk of death –One in Ten deaths around the world is caused by Smoking!

Wake Up NOW- ‘Choose Life–Quit Tobacco Use!’


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Arrest the Asthma with these 6 Breathing exercises



Life on earth thrives on oxygen. Imagine a person gasping and panting for breath. Our heart reaches out to that person as they struggle to swallow gulps of air which we effortlessly inhale. 235 million people in the world suffer like this due to Asthma, according to the WHO. Nearly 1000 deaths from asthma can be prevented every year with timely medical treatments.

Facts about Asthma-Causes and symptoms

  • Asthma is a recurrent lung inflammatory disease that causes difficulty in breathing.

  • Asthma can only be controlled and not completely cured.

  • Deep Breathing exercises help to prevent and control asthma attacks by improving the lung function.

Causes of Asthma

  • Environmental allergens like dust, mites, mold or pollen.

  • Medications like Aspirin or Beta – blockers.

  • Irritant factors like extreme heat, cold or radiation

  • Psychological factors like stress.

Symptoms of asthma

  • Wheezing, coughing, shortness of breath and a tightening of the chest.

  • Severe asthma symptoms include breathlessness, inability to speak or breathe even while lying down, bluish lips, tight chest, hunched shoulders etc.

Breathing Exercises to Control Asthma

1. Diaphragmatic Breathing

Here you use the diaphragm which is a dome-shaped muscle below your chest to breathe.

  • Sit straight in a chair or lie down on your back with bent knees supporting a pillow under them.

  • Inhale slowly through your nose by moving your abdomen up without moving your chest.

  • Now exhale very slowly through pursed lips by moving your abdomen down.

  • Practise daily for 10-15 minutes.

2. Buteyko Breathing

This famous Breathing technique focuses on regulating the breathing rate or volume and is highly effective in controlling asthma.

  • Sit up with chest and belly relaxed and eyes closed with face up.

  • Exhale all the air from your lungs with a whoosh sound.

  • Now inhale slowly through your nose with your mouth closed to a count of 4.

  • Hold your breath for as long as you can until a count of 7.

  • Exhale very slowly through your mouth till the count of 8.

  • Repeat this 3-4 times for 4 breaths.

3. Physical movement Breathing

Here the exercise involves physical movements to relax tense muscles.

  • Close your eyes, relax and concentrate on breathing.

  • Focus on your breathing while doing forward curls.

  • Rotate your shoulders while focussing on breathing.

  • Raise your arms while focussing on your breathing.

  • Repeat this twice before opening your eyes.

4. Reduced breathing

This increases air distribution in lungs through slow breathing.

  • Sit with your legs crossed on the floor, face upwards and eye closed.

  • Relax your chest and belly and inhale slowly through your nose with mouth closed.

  • Take shallow breaths slowly.

  • Exhale through your mouth completely till there is no air left.

  • Hold your breath for a long time and get back to normal breathing.

5. Pursed Lip Breathing

Best for an asthma attack, this technique traps the air within the lungs making breathing easier.

  • Inhale slowly with nose and diaphragm keeping your mouth closed.

  • Purse your lips as if you are about to whistle.

  • Now exhale through pursed lips to a count of four.

6. Progressive relaxation Breathing

  • Lie on a bed or sit relaxed

  • Inhale slowly using diaphragmatic breathing

  • Tighten the muscles of the left foot, hold for 20 secs. and relax.

  • Repeat for right foot, upper legs, forearms, shoulders etc.

  • Focus on your breathing throughout.

Proper breathing techniques can definitely diminish the frequency of asthma attacks. These should be taught by a respiratory physiotherapist or trained physician for best results.

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3 Amazing Health Benefits of Squash


Squash is a universal term used for the vegetables such as zucchini, courgettes, pumpkin and marrows etc. Squash is a vegetable with health and medicinal punch and availed throughout the world as the most versatile and sumptuous vegetable.

Squash is available even from the ancient days with the archaeological data taking back to around 9000 years ago. They can be your reliable acquaintances in your steps towards a perfect health. The multiple varieties in squash have the capability in improving your eye sight, maintaining skin health as you age and protecting the immune system, if consumed on a regular basis.

Different types of edible oils with multiple health benefits can be extracted from the seeds of squash.

Health Benefits of Squash:

  • Not just the seeds and flesh of squash vegetables but the peel of it also has many health benefits that befits to all age groups and genders.
  • It is low in calories and high on Vitamins and minerals such as A and C, and potassium and folate.
  • Few vegetable types also consist of dietary fibre that is essential for fibre needs of the body.
  • It also contains protein, magnesium, calcium and other nutrients that your body requires on a regular basis.
  • Squash is not just a key resource of multiple nutrients but also protects from serious health issues such as cancer and diabetes.
  • It is an excellent source of antioxidants, carotenoids and anti-inflammatory compounds that aid you in fighting various health conditions.

With all the goodness of a healthy life, here are the 3 important reasons why Squash should be a part of your regular diet.

Squash for Vision:

The introduction of digital screens taking a bit toll on eye health, causing various serious health complications. Protecting the eye health, squash provides all the nutrients and Vitamins the eye needs for a better health.

  • It contains excess amount of Vitamin A which is imperative for eye health. However, body will convert only the quantity it requires.
  • The rich amounts of beta-carotene and lutien in Squash vegetables, prevent the muscular degeneration that is part of age-related health issues.
  • It also prevents the onset cataracts, another serious eye health condition that may lead to blindness if not treated.
  • High levels of beta-carotene are connected to reduced muscle degeneration, glaucoma and cataracts.
  • In simple words, Squash provides the body with stocks Vitamin A that help the body in yielding beta-carotene in more than sufficient quantities.

Squash for Skin Health:

Squash is one of those vegetables that do more than good for the skin health. However, you have to ensure it is part of your diet for a long-term.

  • Free radicals cause more harm to the skin cells but not in the presence of antioxidants, provided by Squash.
  • Squash is rich in Vitamins, nutrients and other minerals that help in maintaining the skin health.
  • It also protects the skin from getting damaged due to the sun exposure.

Squash for Powerful Immune System:

Our body requires all the nutrients and protein to fight various health conditions, and Squash is a rich source of various nutrients and protein. It contains Vitamin A, Vitamin C, Magnesium, Potassium and other important antioxidant compounds. All these Vitamins and nutrients are essential for body to neutralise the free radicals, protecting the body from health issues.

  • Neutralising the free radicals that are mixed in the blood as the byproducts of cellular metabolism.
  • These free radicals are the reason for ageing and other health complications such as cancer, various heart diseases and premature ageing.
  • The rich presence of lutein and zeaxanthin help the body in boosting up the responsive immune system.

Squash, being a combination of healthy vegetables’ combination, gives you every reason to be in the list of foods for healthy living. There are various varieties you have to dish out deliciousness out of Squash. Make this amazing vegetable basket your favourite for a better vision, skin and immune health.

For medical treatment in India, Visit: https://www.healthopinion.net/

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6 Amazing Health Benefits of Pears

Green, juicy, succulent and fibrous, Pears are a welcome respite from the summer heat. A delicious pome that can just be plucked off the tree and eaten raw, the Pear is a tasty fruit full of juiciness, goodness and health. Energy-rich and cooling, this summer-fruit is the ideal choice for people of all ages. Available in 3000 varieties all over the world, this fruit belonging to the Rosaceae family is what we recommend for you as your dietary constituent this summer. And here are the benefits of eating pears along with the necessity for pear nutrition.

Pear Nutritional facts

The Pear is an “energy super-store” as it is full of flavonoids, antioxidants, dietary fibre, vitamins, minerals etc. Pears are rich in

1. Vitamins like Vitamin C, E, K and the whole Vitamin “B” Bundle with B1, B2, B3, B5, B6, B8, B12, Choline etc.

2. Minerals like Iron, Sodium, Calcium, Potassium, Magnesium, Phosphorus, Manganese and Zinc

3. Phytonutrients or Flavonoids which help in fighting diseases like Beta-Carotene, Lutein, Zeaxanthin

4. Carbohydrates- 15%

5. Water – 84%

Being the “no-fat” fruit, Pear has a negligible amount of fat (0.14g) and protein (0.36g) respectively and is rich in carbs(15.23g). The overall energy derived from a normal pear is 57 cal. which is amazing.

Benefits of eating pears

1. Pear- the super coolant

Pears have been synonymous with water for a long time. Yes, with 84% of water in them, pears are literally “watery fruits”. This is why they are the best for summers as they hydrate, cool and

refresh the body. They prevent the shortness of breath or dryness of throat due to excessive heat and revive the tired cells. This super-coolant fruit called “Pear” is truly a “dear” for your skin and throat.

2. Pear- the skin doctor

Loaded with dietary fibres and antioxidants, Pears are the best elixirs for anti-ageing. The dietary fibre in the pear slows down the discharge of sugar into the blood. They also keep the skin hydrated with their humectants and water, thereby reducing the secretion of sebum and avoid formation of acne. Rich in Vitamin C, Pears banish wrinkles away and reduce the damage of skin collagen, keeping your skin soft, smooth and supple.

3. Pear- the hair expert

The “C” rich Pear is ideal for curing your hair! Yes, with its sorbitol and glucitol, the Pear nourishes your hair roots and strengthens them, preventing hair fall. The anti-oxidants and water in pears keep the hair from drying or frizzing up. Hair masks made of pears act as good hair revitalizers restoring their lost shine.

4. Pear- for pregnancy and weaning

The Pear is a perfect protector for your Pregnancy. Yes, its high content of Folic Acid keeps your baby safe from birth -defects. Even after childbirth, Pears are used for weaning the children from milk.

Health Benefits of Pears

With their reservoir of vitamins and minerals, Pears have enormous health benefits like these –

1. Fight Cancer – The Vitamin C and Flavonoids present in Pears fight the formation of Free Radicals which cause cancer by mutating the healthy ones to cancerous tissues. Colon, Breast, Rectum and Lung cancer can be prevented by regular intake of pears.

2. Boost immunity- The Vitamins and Minerals present in Pears help to boost immunity and combat diseases like cold, flu, fever etc.

3. Heal the Heart- The Potassium in Pears is a great vasodilator. This lowers the blood pressure and relieves the strain on the heart.

4. Best for Digestion- The Pear is a hydrated fruit with tons of fibre. It is best for digestion as it relieves constipation and also corrects diarrhea.

5. Speedy Circulation- The Iron in Pears increases haemoglobin and improves circulation.

6. Builds the Bones- The calcium in pears builds the bones preventing osteoporosis.

From China to Chennai, Pears are the best for one and all, for their healthy and happy living.

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Fibroids and Polyps: And, Everything You Should Know about Them

One of the most common health concerns of women is Fibroids and Polyps. Surprisingly, most women develop either of them at some point their life or the related health issues. Research shows that typically seventy to eighty percent of women will develop them by the age of fifty. So, it is significant to understand the underlying meaning, symptoms and treatment roadmap of this feminine health disorder.

What are fibroids and polyps?

Fibroids and polyps are the collection of tissues that outgrow in a woman’s uterus or ovaries. Polyps are actually small finger-like overgrowths with endometrial tissue on the cervix that can easily be removed. However, fibroids are masses of muscular tissue normally embedded in the uterine wall muscles. They are bigger and vary in type and size.  Fibroids originate in the uterine muscle and then grow into the uterine cavity, within the wall. Subsequently, they grow towards the uterus.

Usually both polyps and fibroids are non-cancerous but malignancy may be reported in some cases. Infertility issues, recurring miscarriages and causes of heavy periods may be attributed to their presence in the body.

Symptoms of Occurrence of Polyps and Fibroids

Many women never experience any signs of the existence of fibroids or polyps in their body. However, if symptoms do occur, it could be characterised as –

Ovarian Polyp Symptoms

  • Pain or pressure in pelvic area
  • Normally it does not affect menstrual bleeding

Signs of Uterine Polyps

  • Irregularity in menstrual flow with bleeding at unpredictable intervals
  • Occurrences of bleeding between menstrual periods
  • Abnormal heavy menstrual periods
  • Unusual vaginal discharge
  • Post-Menopausal symptoms of vaginal bleeding

 Signs of Uterine Fibroids

  • Heavy menstrual flow and/or long menstrual durations(exceeding a week or more)
  • Pressure or pain in pelvic region
  • Higher frequency of urination
  • Difficulties in completely emptying urine from the bladder
  • Constipation issues
  • Pain in the legs or lower back

Diagnosis of Polyps and Fibroids

Both polyps and fibroids are often discovered during a pelvic exam. In the context of polyps, other diagnostic tests include sonohysterogram, hysterosalpingogram or hysteroscopy. For confirming the existence of fibroids, you may have to undergo a trans-vaginal or pelvic ultrasound scan, an MRI, or an endometrial biopsy, as suggested by the gynaecologist.

 Polyps and fibroids treatment

There is no treatment required for smaller polyps that do not pose problems. But patients with polyps should be assessed every six months to check for any further progression.

However, if polyps or fibroids cause heavy menstrual bleeding, infertility issues or are preceded by history of miscarriage, then fibroid/polyp removal may be considered.

Polyps may be removed by hysteroscopy wherein a long, thin telescope-like device with a video camera and light (hysteroscope) is inserted through the vagina and cervical opening.  The polyp is then held and cut with a small pair of scissors. Larger polyps require surgical removal under general anaesthesia.

Fibroids may be treated by Hormone therapy or Uterine Artery Embolization (UAE). But this impacts fertility and is not recommended for women planning to get pregnant. Surgical removal options for fibroids include

  • Hysterectomy in which the complete uterus is removed.
  • Myomectomy which is a procedure that preserves the uterus but removes fibroids growing in the uterine cavity. It can be done in multiple ways depending on type, size and location of fibroids.
    • Laparoscopic Myomectomy – Here the fibroid is removed using key-hole surgery and the uterus is closed with laparoscopic sutures.
    • Open Multiple Myomectomy – This is used for removal of multiple fibroids and is followed by reconstruction of the uterus.

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Laparoscopic surgery

Set 2-06Minimal Invasive Surgery: Benefits and Risks

Laparoscopic surgery is a modern and unique way of performing various surgical techniques inside the abdomen and pelvis without cutting them open. This surgery is widely accepted and practiced all over the world. The procedures of the laparoscopic surgery are extremely simple and convenient because it involves no cutting and stitching back. It leaves no or less scar behind and there are no risks of any pain or haemorrhage. Laparoscopic surgery recovery is very quick and the patients never experience any pain or stress in the operated area.

It is also called as minimal invasive surgery. It just needs small incisions to successfully perform the surgery on a patient. The incisions are made far from actual location of the affected area. Surgery is done with the help of an instrument called a laparoscope. It is long tube-like instrument with a high-intensity light and a camera with higher resolution. During laparoscopic surgery procedure, a laparoscope is inserted in one of the incision into the abdomen to monitor and treat different complications inside the gastrointestinal tract of the patient. The camera aids the doctor to get a clear vision of all the parts of gastrointestinal tract inside the abdomen. Using this knowledge, the doctor can observe the problems, take a sample for biopsy and perform surgeries by inserting surgical instruments through other incisions.

Advantages of laparoscopic surgery

  • The surgery is absolutely painless. Local anesthesia is given before making those little incisions on the abdominal areas of surgery. Even smaller incisions leave no scar during the time of post-operational recovery
  • It reduces the risks of having a haemorrhage or blood clot during the surgery. No organs are kept open so there is no chance for air or any other gases to enter the abdomen
  • Laparoscopy aids in monitoring the activities of various organs inside the abdomen and pelvis like stomach, liver, pancreas, gallbladder, appendix, the intestines, and reproductive organs
  • Laparoscopic surgery patients are often treated as outpatients in hospitals around the world. You can go home on the same day after the completion of your surgery
  • It is used to detect and treat various abdominal conditions like liver diseases, leakage of abdominal fluids, cyst or a tumour in any organs inside the abdomen, cancer etc.
  • It is also used to monitor the recovery of every operated parts inside the abdomen after a successful laparoscopic surgery
  • Large and small intestine are easily prone to infection in the event of cutting and opening of the abdomen. Laparoscopic surgery procedure never allows cutting and opening of anything, thus keeping the intestines away from infections and any such contaminations
  • Laparoscopy aids the surgeon to carefully inspect the internal organs on a screen. Your surgeon can zoom in, compare and analyze your conditions thoroughly before coming to a conclusion about your health

Risks of Laparoscopic surgery

Though the procedure is completely safe and has absolutely no risk factors of any kind, there are some possible hazards of a laparoscopic surgery.

  • If not professionally handled, the laparoscope can puncture and damage the internal organs leading to internal bleeding, blood clot or haemorrhage
  • Sensitive patients might experience certain degrees of abdominal pain, fever etc.
  • Inflammation, itching, redness, and irritation on the incision areas due to small bacterial infection or improper suture
  • It can permanently damage any internal organ, if not handled properly
  • If the surgery is performed inside a deep abdominal area, it can seriously affect the bowel movement of a person
  • It also affects the urinary tract and the reproductive organs in rare cases

Laparoscopic surgery in India

India is one of the leading pioneers of performing all kinds of laparoscopic surgeries in the world. The quality of this surgery provided in India is exceptional and effective than other countries. People all over the world prefer India for all kinds of laparoscopic surgeries. Indian surgeons and doctors are acclaimed and respected worldwide for their inventions and skills in the areas of laparoscopic surgery.

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How to manage pain after an Ankle Surgery

Ankle surgery recovery is a long and tedious process that one has to embark in order to gain the full function of their affected ankle or joint. Ankle replacement surgery involves  repairing of broken bones in the ankle or inserting single or multiple artificial implants in case of severe problems. Broken ankle recovery tends to take a long period of time to reattach after the surgery. In case of any artificial implant(s), it will still take a lot of time for your body to accept those implant(s) and make a full recovery.

DM Set 2-05

During this time, you have to be cautious while doing anything because even a slight disturbance in the operated area might cause serious problems like infection, damage to the suture, etc. So the entire process of recovery is tiresome that you have to be dependent on other people to carry out your day to day activities. The only thing that you should endure on your own is the pain during ankle surgery recovery. Ankles are the junctions that connect the limbs.; it is subjected to take up a lot of pressure, which in turn causes lots of pain while recovering. Just operated, the amount of pain in the operated area will be tremendous. You need to learn to manage the pain with the help of your orthopaedic surgeon or a knee specialist. Your pain will eventually wear off as your ankle repairs. In the meantime, there are certain ways to manage pain after an ankle surgery.


Yes, you are injured. Yes, that is a big bandage. There is no use in freaking out about what has already happened. You need to focus on the healing process and seek proper therapy. You should relax while going through the ankle surgery recovery course.

Relaxation is important for your pain-free recovery. As long as you keep yourselves relaxed, faster the recovery process will be. You have to rest a lot to keep your mind and the operated area relaxed. Proper resting will remove the strain and pressure out the affected ankle area and will trigger the healing process. You have to get a lot of sleep to relax your body and to speed up the recovery. You can also concentrate on other leisure activities like reading books, good music, watching TV or movies to keep your mind away from pain.

Painkiller medicines

You should take painkiller medicines as directed by your knee specialist. This will relieve from your distress for a while. You should strictly follow the dosage and time intervals as per the advice of your physician because the pain medicines are very much soothing that you may get addicted to them. Pain medicines are usually advised just for a few days after the ankle surgery. After a while, you have to adapt managing pain without consuming painkiller medicines.

You have to eat healthy to gain required energy for the healing process. By eating healthy, you get the right vitamins and other essential nutrient supplements that will help with the pain and speed up the whole recovery process.

Ice packs

Applying cold compression with ice packs on the operated area will relieve pain and swelling. You have to gently place the ice pack on the ankle and press it slowly on the wound. Ice packs are advisable after two weeks of the surgery. It should be applied to the closed wound, maybe after the removal of bandages or suture. You could just leave ice packs on the wound for a while to get a relaxed and comfortable feeling.

Consult your knee specialist

Sometimes, pain can be unimaginable that you have to immediately visit your knee specialist. They only can provide a necessary remedy to control your pain rather using your own methods. Broken ankle recovery time is a long tiresome period and you need to face some intolerable pain episodes. During this time, you have to do as advised by your knee specialist to keep your pain at bay.

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Here is Everything You Need to Know about Swollen Eyes


Swollen eyes or eyelids are a most common type of eye affliction. The place above the eyelids will get inflamed due to the accumulation of blood or unwanted fluids in and around the connective tissues of the eyes and eyelids causing swollen eyes. It causes eyelid inflammation or bulge over an eye, which leads to redness and irritation. Swollen eyes usually subside within a day. If not, you need to consider consulting an eye specialist as soon as possible.

Symptoms of swollen eyes

Eye swelling causes the following symptoms which may lead to serious illness if left unattended.

  • Redness, itching and heat sensation over the affected eye
  • Blurred vision or partial vision or restricted vision
  • Excessive flow of tears and other unwanted fluids out of the eye, resulting in reddish and watery eyes
  • Conjunctiva or pink eye syndrome
  • Increased sensitivity towards external factors like light (photosensitivity), air, cold or hot water etc.
  • Extreme pain in and around the eye

Causes of swollen eyes

There are certain reasons that cause your eyes to swell, this may range from small problems to life-threatening complexity

  • Eye trauma – Injuries or trauma to the eye usually causes swollen eye combined with discoloured eye
  • Contact Lens – Wearing contact lenses irregularly, dirty contact lenses, uncleaned contact lenses, damaged contact lenses causes irritation of the eye and inflammation
  • Conjunctivitis – It causes infection and inflammation of the external lining of the eye. Usually, an allergic reaction towards a bacteria or any other foreign bodies leads to conjunctivitis
  • Allergy – Allergies are caused by various factors like dust, impure water, polluted air, harmful microbes, etc. Eye allergies are also caused by other things like cosmetic products applied near the eye or contact lens or contact lens solutions
  • Bug bite – Insect bites usually implants foreign particles into our system for which the inflammation or swelling is caused as a defense mechanism
  • Cyst – It is also called as a chalazion, a block inside the Meibomian gland, an oil gland located onthe rim of the eyes. This block causes the eyes to swell
  • Stye – Small reddish bump like structure on the eyelid caused due to inflammation of the Meibomian gland. The bump is so delicate and may cover the entire eye
  • Cellulites – Inflammation of the skin portions around the eyes. It is usually caused by bacterial infections

Treatments for swollen eyes

Swollen eyelid treatment includes,

  • At the times of infection, clean the eyes with a warm cloth or cotton. This may subside the inflammation caused by an infection
  • Consult a professional eye doctor in case of small swelling or irritation in the eye, the doctor will recommend using antibiotic eye drops to eradicate the infection or in case of an allergic reaction, the doctor will medicate with antihistamine eye drops that will induce artificial tears to remove all unwanted particles from the eye
  • Avoid using contact lens and eye make-up
  • Apply cold compress on the swollen part of the eye
  • If nothing works, see an eye specialist and take proper tests and treatments

Preventive measures of swollen eye

  • Medical treatment in India is highly advanced for all types of eye treatments. You have to consider seeing a professional eye doctor in case of any discomfort in your eyes
  • Clean your eyes with cold water every day to remove dirt and other particles from your eye
  • If you are using contact lens, clean it with the proper cleaning solution regularly
  • Take up preventive health checkup every year to stay away from such problems
  • Avoid specific allergens that cause repeated allergy in your eyes. Avoid heavy makeups near the eye.
  • Clean your eyes with proper make up removal solutions while removing heavy make-ups