The most dreaded disease of this era is Cancer. It is one of the major causes of death all over the world. Cancer can simply be defined as the abnormal multiplication of the cells, that is popularly called as tumors. The early diagnosis aims to tackle the problem with effective intervention. Once the tumours turn malignant it becomes difficult to treat the conditions successfully.
Breast cancer is the second leading cause of deaths among women after lung cancer affecting 2.1 million women each year according to the WHO sources. In the same, around 627,00 women died from breast cancer in 2018. There is still a need for awareness and efficient healthcare resources and setting to decline these numbers.
How does it start?
It could begin in different parts of the breast. It might commence in the ducts carrying milk to the nipples. Sometimes, it starts in the area producing breast milk. It may also occur in other tissues of the breast which are called sarcomas and lymphomas – but these are really not breast cancers.
For early diagnosis, the following tests can be done:
Mammography – It is the process in which the tumours may be found through the X-rays screening. The American Cancer Society recommends women over the age of 45 years to go for such screening. It will help in early diagnosis and treatment if necessary. Sometimes, hidden cancer without any physical symptoms may be found through these procedures. These screenings are completed in privacy by the specially trained female technologist.
Clinical Breast Exam – An in-office examination by a healthcare professional comes in the clinical breast exam. Here, the expert checks for the lump formation, the discharge of fluid from nipples, the difference of colours. The abnormalities may be found in the collarbone, in underarms or breast. A thorough exam is done to rule out any possible suspicion. If any lumps are found,which are benign conditions, further investigation takes place through diagnostic measures.
Self Breast Exam – As some areas are devoid of healthcare settings and professionals, there is the necessity to teach the community for a self-breast exam. It will enable to detect changes in the breast areas. It can be practiced once a month to detect any physical or visual changes.
Risk Factors That Leads to Breast Cancer
- A family history of breast cancer passes the possible risks to theoffsprings. Genetics and its mutation play a significant role. Hence, for a person with a history, precautionary steps have to be taken to mitigate the impact of the disease even before it progresses.
- Women who have attained an early menstrual period before the age of 12 and menopause after 55yrs of age are likely to develop the risk for breast cancer.
- It is necessary to follow a healthy diet. A person who drinks a large amount of alcohol, who lacks physical activity, who smokes or overweight is under the risk group for breast cancer.
Breast Cancer Treatment In India
Individuals with cancers also require emotional support as the mindset totally changes when they face with a life-threatening disease. The Indian healthcare system is making progressive efforts in spreading awareness regarding breast cancer. The absence of the healthcare setting resources in the rural areas has influenced the government and the NGOs to spread the self-breast exam programs to the community. The global audience looks upon the medical treatment in India due to the cost and convenience. To understand the quality breast cancer treatments in India its best to approach a healthcare consultant. They will help to find the right treatment at the right time.