Rice Varieties of India – Taste in Health

blog-02

1,10,000. 40,000. Some say 6,000. There seems to be no end to the number of rice varieties in India. Yes, we are talking about the number of rice varieties in India. From the ancient times, rice has been celebrated by the Indian community. It is also one of the major staple foods of India. From the white polished to unpolished and black rice all have their own benefits. Rice is cultivated throughout India, in all the states. It is spectacular to note that, all states have at least around 100 varieties of rice. A lot of these varieties are purely medicinal in nature and must not be consumed on a daily basis.  

The most commonly consumed rice varieties are polished white rice, parboiled rice, Basmati rice, red rice and brown rice. Out of these, the white polished rice is the most consumed, but it is not the healthiest. It is medium in length and thin, it is also easy to cook. All that is white is bad for health. This also includes the rice which is bran-free and processed heavily. The coloured types of Indian rice are the healthier ones. These are low in carbohydrates and rich in fibre as opposed to the white rice. The red and black rice varieties are quite thick and difficult to cook. They take very long to come to digestible consistency.  

The white polished, semi-polished and parboiled rice varieties are consumed in the Central and south regions of India. Basmati rice, famed for its length, taste and long appearance, is consumed in the North of India. The Basmati is the major constituent of well-savoured dish Biryani. It is also known for its different flavours and aroma. Basmati rice is cultivated widely for its properties. The healthier and less tasty varieties of red, brown and black rice are cultivated occasionally. The ‘organic’ trend has brought some of these rice varieties back to regular consumption. Another rice variety that is extremely rare and expensive is the bamboo rice. It is purely consumed for medical purposes and is consumed rarely.  

The health benefits of these rice varieties are plenty. White rice though consumed commonly, is not thought of as beneficial due to the industrial processing and polishing. Cooked white rice that is stored overnight contains a lot of health benefits. Parboiled rice gives immense strength. It is the coloured varieties that must include in the diet for health improvement. The brown and red rice varieties are mostly not processed. It is better to consume unprocessed rice.  

Brown rice include the benefits of having lots of fibre and essential carbohydrates that slow down the release of sugars, useful for individuals suffering from diabetes. It is also a rich source of magnesium and calcium needed for bone health. Brown rice is also consumed for its abilities to prevent blockage in arteries, improving cardiovascular health. Red rice is preferred for better weight management. As opposed to white rice, red rice does not add on to our weight. It has lot more fibre content required for better digestion. The manganese in red rice is a bonus to the strengthening of our body metabolism, contributing to better weight management. Of course, it is to be remembered that these diet preferences are to be combined with exercises to take full effect. Black rice in India is not very prominent. It is cultivated in the North-eastern regions of India. It is very high in anti-oxidants. It is also a good source of iron and Vitamin E. It is and was known as forbidden rice, not because of its rare nature. It was exclusively served to the Chinese emperor and was forbidden to anybody else. Hence the name. But it must be consumed at least occasionally for its benefits. If you are a tourist or for medical treatment in India, make sure to try the different delicacies made with different varieties of rice.   

 

Advertisements

HIV-AIDS – Awareness Feature into the World’s Most Dangerous Pandemic

blog-03

In 2017, 36.9 million people in the world were living with HIV/AIDS, as per UNADIS report. 1.8 million people became newly infected with HIV. The most affected country being South Africa, has over 10% of the affected persons living there. HIV and AIDS in India is not a different scenario either. In 2016, there were around 2.1 million people living with AIDS. World AIDS Day falls on December 1st and was established by the United Nations. It was established to create awareness about this pandemic that has been plaguing the entire world not only deteriorating physical health but also creating a platform for social stigma and bias. Let us know the facts clearly and keep ourselves aware.

The pandemic is known simply as AIDS or HIV-AIDS. The differentiation is very basic. AIDS is Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome which is the set of symptoms developed over time due to decreased immunity. An individual has AIDS when the HIV infection is in stage 3. Third stage of the infection is where the virus almost or destroys the immune system of the body. HIV stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus, which is the agent that causes AIDS. The first incidence of AIDS was in South Africa. It has since spread throughout the world. Even though AIDS is the only pandemic on Earth, there are many myths around it. These untrue rumours promote basis for social injustice across the planet.

Myths regarding HIV-AIDS

  1. AIDS cannot be spread through physical contact with individual who is affected by HIV. Shaking or holding hands will not transmit the virus.

  2. It is not an airborne disease. Sneezes or coughs will not transmit HIV from one person to another.

  3. Neither is AIDS water borne. Swimming pools or public baths and toilets can be used without fear.

  4. HIV cannot be cured. There is not cure as of now. But antiretroviral therapy can keep individuals affected by HIV stay healthy.

  5. It is not easy to see symptoms of HIV. Clear-cut symptoms may not exist, even if they do, they differ from person to person.

All the above-mentioned points are myths regarding HIV infection. It is important to know how HIV infection is spread. These points must be kept in mind to undertake necessary precautions. HIV cannot survive outside of a human body. It lives only in bodily fluids of humans. Infection is transmitted through these body fluids, making it possible for infection through unprotected intercourse, mother to child during pregnancy, infected injecting equipment or contaminated blood transfusions or transplants.

The sources mentioned above are the only ways in which HIV can spread. It becomes essential to protect oneself from being exposed to these situations. Always ensure,

  • Protected intercourse that eliminates the risk of transmitting HIV infection.

  • Using new needles, syringes or other injecting equipment.

  • Safe blood products by asking your health care professional if the blood product has been screened for HIV.

  • Safety from bio-wastes and bodily fluids if you are a health care worker. Use protection implements like goggles or gloves, wash hands after contact with blood and safely dispose off sharp equipment.

  • Taking HIV drugs if you are new or expectant mother living with HIV to reduce the chances of passing off infection to the baby.

People infected with HIV infection can live healthy lives without worry of infecting others. Burst the social stigma and discrimination surrounding HIV-AIDS. Spread the awareness to prevent further new cases of HIV infection. Keep yourself safe. Keep others around you safe.

For medical tourism assistance, Visit: www.healthopinion.net

Lung Cancer – Where Breathing Kills

Lung cancer is the most commonly occurring type of cancer worldwide. 14% of new cancer cases is attributed to lung cancer. India is no exception. Given the carcinogens we inhale, lung cancer has become one of the major threats all of us are exposed to. This cell-mutating disease has life-taking outcomes. It is worthy to note that lung cancer is prevalent among non-smokers as well as smokers and across ages. Smoking may be one of the most common reasons why lung cancer is caused. But other agents like exposure to toxins and genetic disposition.

Looking into the causes in detail, we identify the following with causing cancer:

  • Smoking – 90% of lung cancer cases is caused due to smoking excessively. Tobacco and other hazardous chemicals jointly contribute to this social evil.

  • Hazardous chemicals – Exposure to chemicals such as asbestos, uranium, and petroleum products lead to inhalation of substances that stay affect the lung tissues irreparably.

  • Particle pollution – Minute particles present in the exhaust smoke of vehicles are highly poisonous

  • Passive smoking – Non-smokers who reside with a smoker have a 24% increase in risk for developing lung cancer when compared with other non-smokers.

  • Heredity – individuals with cancer in their family history have to be precautions. Regular check-ups can help in early detection.

Cancer and other such ‘royal’ diseases, often called so for their grand requirements during treatment, often do not show signs in the early stages. Apart from the huge chunk of finances, dedicated care and support is required. Unfortunately, lung cancer is no anomaly. But it is possible to detect lung cancer at stages where some treatment will avail results.

Watch out for the ensuing lung cancer symptoms:

  • Persistent cough, dry or not, that won’t quit

  • Difficulty in breathing or getting short of breath after performing activities you once found easy

  • Coughing up blood

  • Pain in the chest area

  • Hoarse, raspy voice

  • Wheezing

  • Unexplained weight loss drastically

Though not everybody exhibiting these symptoms may have lung cancer, it is better to get screened earlier. Individuals with high smoking tendencies must get themselves screened as soon as possible. Quitting smoking or taking alternative measures may prolong the onset of cancer if not prevent it.

Treatment plans may include chemotherapy, radiation therapy, surgeries to remove the cancer-affected tissue. Sometimes lung cancer treatment in India can include Ayurvedic medicines or methods, in addition to formerly mentioned method. Therapy might involve a number of sessions depending on the stage of cancer. India has a number of institutions for cancer treatment and research. These centres are located pan-India and offer a wide scope of options for treatment. Medical tourism has opened up doors for better treatment and care, making medical assistance available to individuals across the world.

Will Medical Apps Revolutionize Physical Exams?

The tides of technology have lapped the shores of the medical world to revolutionize healthcare. Yes, from crude rubber tubes and ear trumpets to sphygmomanometers and stethoscopes, science has transformed healthcare so much that all you require is now just a “mobile app to measure BP and heart rate”! Medical apps have modernized healthcare tremendously that they even perform a patient’s physical examination to measure his vital health parameters.

Medical apps that perform physical exams 

A patient’s health is the prime focus of healthcare and this has been realized more of late, by the patients themselves. Patients have started owning the responsibility of maintaining their fitness and monitoring their health and they are doing this using these medical apps.

  1. Qardio 

This free app for Android and iPhone users offers you the complete picture of your health without the need for a physician’s intervention or a customary physical exam. It not only measures your weight, BMI, temperature and steps, it also measures your BP and heart rate, doubling up to give the results of a sphygmomanometer and an ECG. This complete data can be shared with your physician.

       2. Blood pressure companion 

Truly the right companion for measuring your BP, the Blood Pressure Companion App tracks both systolic and diastolic pressure and also the mean arterial pressure of each reading. This data can be depicted visually as a log, chart or histogram and transmitted to the physician.

       3. AliveCor 

This app has received much acclaim for its ability to sense irregular heartbeats quickly. By just pressing the smartphone near the patient’s heart, the app tracks and records all heart parameters to present an ECG.

      4. Epic – Diabetes app 

Goodbye to needles and pricks. Yes, this Diabetes app called Epic does away with the age-old tradition of drawing blood for detecting your blood glucose. Instead, all you have to do is place your finger on the camera eye-piece of the smartphone and the Epic app will capture a series of images that will give you all information from blood glucose levels to heartbeat to blood oxygen saturation.

      5. Eye exam apps 

There is no need to rush to an ophthalmologist. Check your vision against the standard 20/20 benchmark by using these Vision testing apps. Apps like Eye test, Vision Test 2.0 or Eye Exam test your eyes with all possible routine checks using alphabets, numbers and colours. You can even check your eyes for astigmatism, glaucoma or colour blindness using these apps.

      6. Skin apps 

Dermatologists can wait. Check your skin health periodically using Skin Vision app suitable for both iPhone and Android users. without the need for a physical exam, this app just uses photographs of your skin to check for moles, red spots, white spots and even melanoma or skin cancer.

All the above Medical apps do away with the need for a physical exam and the need to rush to a hospital for evaluation of even minor health indicators.

 Why Medical apps make a huge difference in healthcare? 

Medical apps are creating a tremendous impact on healthcare because they are

  1. More accurate 

Believe it or not, medical apps have been found to be more accurate than even physician’s actual physical exam of the patient. Yes, doctors at the University of Ottawa Heart Institute found that a heart rate monitoring app installed on iPhone 4S had a diagnostic accuracy of 94% in measuring the radial and ulnar arterial blood flow in the wrists of patients undergoing an angiogram. this accuracy of the app was far greater than the 84% accuracy obtained from the doctor’s physical diagnostic procedure called Modified Allen Test.

Thus medical apps can surpass clinical physical exams in accuracy and evaluation of health parameters.

       2. More informative 

Medical apps used for measuring vital health parameters offer a host of allied information one go. Rarely can a physical exam provide such exhaustive results. The iCare Health Monitor app uses a sensor to capture complete information of your heart. It uses pulse wave analysis to detect heart rate, blood lipid levels, blood-oxygen saturation and other parameters crucial for heart health.

      3. Medical diagnosis anytime, anywhere 

You have a doubt, clear it instantly using these Medical apps. With the use of such medical apps that make a physical exam redundant, the patient can check his health parameters by himself anytime and anywhere. With such periodic health checks, the risks of any illness are immediately alerted and can be attended to, immediately.

     4.More health awareness among patients 

By the use of such medical apps avoiding physical exams, patents have taken on the onus of their health and fitness. It is now their responsibility to monitor their vital health parameters. This makes them more fitness-conscious, improving their health.

Medical apps have revolutionized the domain of physical exam so much that some doctors have started using these apps for better diagnosis. Although a medical app is no substitute for a seasoned medical practitioner, it has become an invaluable tool in promoting patient health without the need for a physical examination of the patient.

For medical assistance in India, Visit: www.healthopinion.net

Incidence and Prevalence of Alzheimer’s in India

blog-03

As a developing country, India houses the world’s second largest population. A significant portion of this comprises of the elderly and weak persons who are more prone to several degenerative diseases. Alzheimer’s disease and other manifestations of dementia is one such growing public health issue that is becoming more prevalent. 

Alzheimer’s disease research shows that more than four million people affected by this ailment in India and those numbers are likely to triple by 2050!The sad part of this terrible condition is that usually manifests itself in patients usually above fifty years of age without warning symptoms. It can prevail for long duration and even result in fatality. 

Nowadays, more Indian senior citizens are becoming victims of Alzheimer’s and almost 70% of this lot is constituted by Indian women. Though this condition usually commences with memory loss, social communication, logical reasoning and orientation get impaired severely with aging. In the final stages, there is a loss of basic motor skills and patients drift away from their natural self to a hallucinated world. This disease is also likely to co-exist with chronic ailments like diabetes, heart disease and stroke. 

Ironically, there is no definitive cure for Alzheimer’s disease. However staying mentally alert and participating in activities that constructively engage the mind and body can slow down memory loss. Therefore being aware of risk factors, adopting a healthy lifestyle with exercise and diet, undergoing cognitive stimulation and adopting memory compensation strategies can help in Alzheimer’s Disease Prevention. 

Importance of Alzheimer’s awareness 

This disease has a nationwide impact in India because of the social and economic costs involved. With the increase in the numbers of the older generation, the burden of Alzheimer’s also rises with limited national resources. Indian women have to bear the brunt of this alarming disease more due to their increased life expectancy and societal neglect. Hence it is important to increase awareness and look at clinical efforts for preventing disease-related disability and poor health. 

Medical Treatment in India 

Alzheimer’s treatment in India adopts a comprehensive approach for treating the symptoms and also maintaining the patient’s health with lifestyle modifications. The possible steps towards this include 

  • Creation of a supportive and safe environment-As part of the treatment route, one of the crucial steps is to create or adopt a conducive living environment that is specifically tailored to the needs of the Alzheimer’s patient. So, establishing a standard routine for daily living and reducing tasks that demands heavy exertion of memory simplifies their life and reduces stress.  
  • Maintenance of Regular Exercise Regimes-Regular exercises not only ensure physical well-being but also promote better sleep patterns and avoid constipation in Alzheimer’s patients. Those with mobility problems may do chair exercises or use stationary exercising equipments. 
  • Getting sufficient nutrition: Alzheimer’s patients often forget to consume balanced diets or may even skip meals due to memory loss. Extra care must be taken to ensure they take healthy foods with low fats and high omega-3 fatty acids, fruits and vegetables and plenty of fluids for hydration. Caffeine beverages must be specifically avoided to prevent restlessness and sleep disturbances.
  • Medications: Medications prescribed for Alzheimer’s aim to manage memory symptoms and cognitive difficulties. Types of medicines include- 
    1. Cholinesterase Inhibitors 0.0for enhancing chemical levels for cellular communication in the brain depleted due to Alzheimer’s. 
    2. Memantine Drug for slowing down symptomatic progression in patients with mild to moderate Alzheimer’s.

  • Stem Cell Therapy- A latest treatment approach which focuses on supplying sufficient number of stem cells to multiple areas of the damaged brain. These cells secrete enzymes to restore lost neuron connections in its complex network. 
  • Involvement in social engagement and intellectual stimulation – This makes life meaningful and aids in maintaining cognitive function. Incidence and Prevalence of Alzheimer’s in India

The Importance of Travel Vaccinations

DM 2-07

Roaming like the wind is almost everyone’s liking! People wish they are born with wheels beneath their feet so that they could go wherever they want for traveling gives a meaning to the life by providing the person with an opportunity to explore different cultures, walks and experiences of life.

For regular backpackers, it is always safer to take the necessary precautions to bag a memorable traveling experience. Be it planning in advance, learn about the people of your destination and about their lifestyle, you should always do your groundwork before commending the journey.

World travelers perceive things in a different manner, thanks to the knowledge and exposure that they will get compared to the regular people. Bringing out of the comfort zones and allowing to live the life to its fullest is something that travel does to the backpackers. Everything about travel will be just good with a few precautions such as knowing about the destination, culture, preparing yourself to the weather conditions and vaccinating.

Talking about vaccinations, different countries are known for different health conditions. If you are a regular traveler, you don’t need an introduction for the travel vaccinations. They protect you from the probable occurrence of the diseases. Here are the 3 benefits of taking the travel vaccination shots.

  • Secure Your Health – The destination you are visiting is foreign to your body. You may require additional medical help to cope up with the conditions. Travel vaccines provide that additional strength.
  • Reduce the Risk of Diseases – Travel vaccinations reduce the risk of getting a particular disease that is located in a particular destination. When you are exposed to the virus of the disease, the travel vaccinations save you from the contact.
  • Help You Save Big on Healthcare – The coverage of your healthcare policy is visible only when you actually receive the claim. So, it is again, prevention is better than cure even though you have an insurance policy.
  • Help Your Community to Prevent the Diseases – Another benefit of travel vaccinations is that you avoid being a means of the disease and protect your family, community and even your country in some cases. The recent outburst of zika virus could be quoted as an example for this. By taking the vaccination shots you avoid bringing the dangerous diseases into your community.

Vaccinations for Travellers

From the front of providing the medical help for the travelers, a few countries that are still in the developing stages may not offer the required vaccinations or medical help to the affected travelers. It is always advisable for the traveler to get these shots much before their travel and do a fair bit of research about the locality he/she is traveling and pack the medical help prior hand.

The answer for the question what are the vaccines do I need to get before traveling depends on the location you are aspiring to travel. Other aspects such as the season and weather also need to be considered. Depending on the place where you travel, you may come in contact with a few health conditions.

For example, a few countries may cause malaria and a few known for causing various types of hepatitis infections. The easy way to avoid these infections is by getting those vaccination shots before your travel.

A few countries across the world are known for certain health conditions such as flu, various hepatitis infections and polio. Ensure you take enough time to learn about these conditions and take the preventive actions in the form of vaccines before visiting the country.

Travel vaccinations are as common as the regular vaccinations. In fact, most of these vaccines would have been availed by you already. You are just taking the refills to avoid the probable occurrence of the diseases.

Reasons Why Liver is the Vital Organ in the Body

blog-01

Liver is an important part of the digestive system and is the biggest organ in the body. It is located below the lungs and above the stomach. Liver is classified as a gland as it secretes bile. This important organ executes more than five hundred essential tasks in the body and has regeneration capabilities. 

A healthy liver plays a major role in keeping the body’s chemistry steady. It performs many metabolic functions including- 

  • Production of bile which is stored in the gallbladder. Bile helps in carrying waste and in breaking down fats in the small intestine during the process of digestion.  
  • Storage of glucose in the form of glycogen which is re-converted back whenever needed. 
  • Involvement in the metabolism of protein and carbohydrates. 
  • Storage of vitamins (A, D, K, B12) and minerals (iron, copper and folate). 
  • Generates proteins called blood clotting factors. 
  • Responsible for production of cholesterol and special proteins (like albumin) for carrying fats in the body. 
  • Protects the body from infections by producing immune factors. 
  • Primary organ responsible for detoxification in the body. 

Signs of Liver Damage 

  • Nutritional deficiencies 
  • Rise in skin problems like acne and psoriasis 
  • Increased exhaustion, concentration difficulties and lower energy levels 
  • Sensation of itchiness and inflammation 
  • Development of new allergies and sensitivities or worsening of related symptoms 
  • Irregularities in digestion and bowel habits 
  • Indigestion problems 
  • Hormonal imbalances 
  • Abnormal weight gain and sluggishness/sloppiness 
  • Extreme yellowing of skin/eyes  

Liver Diseases and related Medical Treatment 

  • Fatty Liver Disease(FLD) or Hepatic Steatosis has fat accumulation in the liver. FLD is categorized as alcohol and non-alcohol related. Fatty Liver treatment involves limiting or avoiding drinking of alcoholic beverages, cholesterol management, decreasing sugar and saturated fat consumption, weight loss and controlling blood sugar. Medications for non-alcoholic FLD include tamoxifen, methotrexate and amiodarone injection or oral tablets. 
  • Hepatitis where there is inflammation of the liver. It is of three types- 
  • Hepatitis A which usually resolves on its own. Taking adequate rest and ample fluid intake is beneficial. 
  • Hepatitis B which normally clears up on its own. However chronic cases need medication and sometimes a liver transplant. 
  • Hepatitis C which is treated with anti-viral medicines. 
  • Cirrhosis which is a result of very poor liver function and is usually last stage of chronic liver disease. Treatment involves making healthy lifestyle changes, medications like diuretics for reducing body fluid build-up, antibiotics for infections, endoscopic treatments and surgical shunt placement to restore blood supply in liver. Acute cases need a liver transplant. 
  • Hepatocellular Carcinoma which is liver cancer that occurs due to heavy alcohol consumption, chronic hepatitis or cirrhosis. Aggressive surgery or liver transplant is done for treating small or slowly growing cancerous tumors if diagnosed early. 
  • Liver transplantation in India is gaining popularity in medical tourism industry due to its affordable treatment options with its cutting- edge medical technology, advanced research, extraordinary patient care and world-class infrastructure.
     

Best Foods for Liver 

For maintaining a healthy liver, eating regular, balanced meals with grains, proteins, dairy, fruit, vegetables and fats is essential. Best foods include 

  • High-fiber foods like fresh fruit and vegetables, whole-grain breads, rice and cereals. 
  • Healthy proteins like dairy products with nil or low fats, lean meats and plant-based sources like beans, legumes, and lentils. 
  • Healthy fats as found in nuts and seeds, avocados, flaxseed, olive oil and fish oils (or fatty fish).  
  • Plenty of fluids consumption. 
  • Certain herbs and fungi like Dandelion root, Licorice root, Milk thistle seed, Poria mushroom, Reishi mushroom, Schisandra berry,Turkey tail mushroom also help in maintaining liver health. 

 Avoid 

  • Processed foods which contain trans-fats 
  • Consumption of high amounts of salty and sugary foods. 

Thus, balanced diet, regular exercise and weight management are the key success factors for maintaining healthy liver.   

 

Liver Transplant – Everything You Need to Know

ho

Liver is one of the most vital organs in the body that is part of the digestive system. The organ that is located at the right side of the abdomen, right below the diaphragm is key in ensuring a seamless digestive functions.

It is responsible to produce the essential amino acids, synthesizing bile, detoxification of blood, helping the digestive system in avoiding the shortage of important nutrients. Complex in structure, the organ ensure many key functions are carried out in the digestive system.

Liver is prone to get various diseases and infections based on the lifestyle and habits. Few liver diseases could be treated with the help of medication or surgery but there are various diseases that need liver transplant when the medications and treatment are failed to heal.

In most cases, liver failure is what leads to liver transplantation. It is the case in which the liver gets damaged beyond the scope of any repair or cure. The liver in this condition stops function causing fatal consequences. Except the acute liver failure, all other liver failure conditions occur over a period of time.

Reasons for Liver Transplantation

  • Hepatitis – Hepatitis viral infections such as A, B and C can damage the liver if not treated at the right time and lead to liver infection.
  • Liver Cirrhosis – A condition in which severe scarring of the liver occurs due to toxins.
  • Alcoholism – Excessive consumption of alcohol on a regular basis for a long time.
  • Iron Overload – This is a condition known as Hemochromatosis is a genetic disorder that damages the liver upon iron consumption.

Symptoms of Liver Failure

  • Increased levels of triglycerides and LDL, fat lumps under the skin, fat deposit in organs and fatty liver.
  • Indigestion problems, gall bladder diseases, bloating in the abdomen, vomiting and nausea sensation.
  • Yellow eyes, discolored toungue, bad breathe, skin rashes and brown blemishes on the skin.
  • Unstable blood sugar levels, headaches, increased body heat, depression and fatigue are the other symptoms.
  • Scars in the liver due to the fat deposition in the liver cells causing inflammation.

Liver Transplant

Liver transplant is a procedure conducted to replace the damaged part of the liver or the complete liver. The liver it derived from the donor and the damaged liver is replaced with it. Liver transplant is a major surgery that requires meticulous care even from the pre-operation stage to post-operation. The decision of liver transplantation is called as the last option of treatment when the other treatment methods are proven to be failed.

The liver transplantation in India has improved in terms of medical expertise and technological advancements.

How to Choose the Transplant Center?

  • Learn about the total number of transplants the hospital conducts as it could be taken as indication of the success rate of the hospital.
  • Do some background check to understand the qualification and experience of the liver transplant specialist.
  • Make sure the hospital employs the advanced equipment as they play a key role in improving the quality of the outcome.
  • Consider the facilities and services provided by the transplant center post the transplantation.
  • If you have an insurance plan, learn about the compatibility of it with the hospital insurance policies.

There are various medical tourism companies in India that provide complete services that are involved in a medical tourism. If you are a foreign or resident individual in look out for the best liver transplant center in India, reach out to these companies as they have the database of all transplant centers and could help you in finding the suitable transplant center.

Health Disaster Behind Tobacco Use

blog-07

One of the biggest public health threats faced by the global population is from the Tobacco Epidemic. Approximately 7 million people succumb to it every year and this number is expected to reach at least 8 million by 2030.Out of these, more than 6 million deaths are due to direct tobacco consumption. Tobacco users who face untimely deaths deprive their families of income, raise healthcare costs and hinder economic development.

Smoking is act or addiction of inhaling and exhaling the tobacco smoke or other similar harmful addictive drugs. It is one of the leading causes of preventable death worldwide and is unhealthy to the human body both in active and passive forms.

Effects of Smoking

Smoking harms almost all organs of the body. This happens because combustion of tobacco produces carbon monoxide which impairs the blood’s oxygen carrying ability. Therefore inhaling smoke into the lungs, irrespective of the substance, has adverse effects on one’s health. Smoking

  • Thickens and damages blood vessels thereby increasing blood pressure .This in turn causes Stroke and Coronary Heart Disease.
  • Damages airways and air-sacs (alveoli) in the lung causing diseases like Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) including bronchitis, lung cancer and triggers asthma attacks.
  • Causes cancer in almost all body parts including bladder, rectum, blood, cervix, colon, kidney, liver, trachea, bronchus and lungs.
  • Affects fertility rates.
  • Causes pregnancy related problems including pre-term births, ectopic pregnancy and still-birth of babies.
  • Weakens bones, teeth and gums and increases risk of diabetes, cataracts and rheumatoid arthritis.

Lung Cancer Treatment in India 

Lung Cancer is one of the most dangerous outcomes of Smoking. Smoking causes about 90% of total lung cancer deaths! This cancer damages the lungs eventually reducing its capacity to deliver oxygen to different body parts.

Fortunately India is equipped with state-of-the-art facilities and advanced technologies, experienced oncologists and offers comprehensive post-operative care for treating this complex disease. Thus India is highly ranked on quality and expertise in comparison with its counterparts.

Treatment of Lung Cancer depends on its type, extent of spread and patient condition. Effective treatment procedures include

  • Surgery for removing out the cancer tissue.
  • Wedge Resection/Segmental Resection for removing a small portion of diseased lung.
  • Chemotherapy wherein medications are given for reducing or killing cancerous cells.
  • Radiation Therapy which uses high energy rays to kill cancerous cells.
  • Molecularly Targeted Therapy which is a procedure where specific targeting of cancerous cells is done by dispensing drugs to inhibit growth and affected areas.
  • Pneumonectomy which is a rare option used for removing the entire lung if cancer has spread all over the lobes.
  • Sleeve Resection which involves removal and reconnection of airway sections near the lung tumour after its removal.
  • Lymph Node Dissection where lymph nodes adjacent to lung are removed and tested to assess extent of spread of cancer.
  • Of late, Cancer Healer Therapy is being used to effectively treat advanced lung cancer with no harmful side effects. This therapy is targeted at combating cancer and restores its ability to eliminate cancerous cells in future.

Ways to Quit Smoking

  • Cold Turkey which essentially means trying to quit smoking without external aids, therapy or medicines.
  • Behavioural Therapy in consultation with a counsellor for understanding triggers for smoking and making plans for evading it.
  • Nicotine Replacement Therapy which substitutes tobacco with nicotine supply through gums, patches, inhalers, sprays and lozenges.
  • Prescription Medications that help manage cravings and withdrawal symptoms.
  • Combo Treatment (mixing few of above methods) for increased probability of permanently quitting smoking.

Smoking increases risk of death –One in Ten deaths around the world is caused by Smoking!

Wake Up NOW- ‘Choose Life–Quit Tobacco Use!’

 

Arrest the Asthma with these 6 Breathing exercises

 

blog-03

Life on earth thrives on oxygen. Imagine a person gasping and panting for breath. Our heart reaches out to that person as they struggle to swallow gulps of air which we effortlessly inhale. 235 million people in the world suffer like this due to Asthma, according to the WHO. Nearly 1000 deaths from asthma can be prevented every year with timely medical treatments.

Facts about Asthma-Causes and symptoms

  • Asthma is a recurrent lung inflammatory disease that causes difficulty in breathing.

  • Asthma can only be controlled and not completely cured.

  • Deep Breathing exercises help to prevent and control asthma attacks by improving the lung function.

Causes of Asthma

  • Environmental allergens like dust, mites, mold or pollen.

  • Medications like Aspirin or Beta – blockers.

  • Irritant factors like extreme heat, cold or radiation

  • Psychological factors like stress.

Symptoms of asthma

  • Wheezing, coughing, shortness of breath and a tightening of the chest.

  • Severe asthma symptoms include breathlessness, inability to speak or breathe even while lying down, bluish lips, tight chest, hunched shoulders etc.

Breathing Exercises to Control Asthma

1. Diaphragmatic Breathing

Here you use the diaphragm which is a dome-shaped muscle below your chest to breathe.

  • Sit straight in a chair or lie down on your back with bent knees supporting a pillow under them.

  • Inhale slowly through your nose by moving your abdomen up without moving your chest.

  • Now exhale very slowly through pursed lips by moving your abdomen down.

  • Practise daily for 10-15 minutes.

2. Buteyko Breathing

This famous Breathing technique focuses on regulating the breathing rate or volume and is highly effective in controlling asthma.

  • Sit up with chest and belly relaxed and eyes closed with face up.

  • Exhale all the air from your lungs with a whoosh sound.

  • Now inhale slowly through your nose with your mouth closed to a count of 4.

  • Hold your breath for as long as you can until a count of 7.

  • Exhale very slowly through your mouth till the count of 8.

  • Repeat this 3-4 times for 4 breaths.

3. Physical movement Breathing

Here the exercise involves physical movements to relax tense muscles.

  • Close your eyes, relax and concentrate on breathing.

  • Focus on your breathing while doing forward curls.

  • Rotate your shoulders while focussing on breathing.

  • Raise your arms while focussing on your breathing.

  • Repeat this twice before opening your eyes.

4. Reduced breathing

This increases air distribution in lungs through slow breathing.

  • Sit with your legs crossed on the floor, face upwards and eye closed.

  • Relax your chest and belly and inhale slowly through your nose with mouth closed.

  • Take shallow breaths slowly.

  • Exhale through your mouth completely till there is no air left.

  • Hold your breath for a long time and get back to normal breathing.

5. Pursed Lip Breathing

Best for an asthma attack, this technique traps the air within the lungs making breathing easier.

  • Inhale slowly with nose and diaphragm keeping your mouth closed.

  • Purse your lips as if you are about to whistle.

  • Now exhale through pursed lips to a count of four.

6. Progressive relaxation Breathing

  • Lie on a bed or sit relaxed

  • Inhale slowly using diaphragmatic breathing

  • Tighten the muscles of the left foot, hold for 20 secs. and relax.

  • Repeat for right foot, upper legs, forearms, shoulders etc.

  • Focus on your breathing throughout.

Proper breathing techniques can definitely diminish the frequency of asthma attacks. These should be taught by a respiratory physiotherapist or trained physician for best results.